My daughter is already a yr and a half outdated. That’s…..simply loopy to consider. Everybody says children develop up so quick and it’s not till now that the saying is setting in. Her thoughts is a sponge and daily holds one thing new for her to select up on and discover. One of many issues we’re exploring an increasing number of is craft time. And to assist with that I wished to make her a youngsters’s dimension desk and two chairs that might be constructed effectively and made to take a few years of abuse. Concerning dimensions, I took measurements from just a few completely different sources I discovered within the wild and went with the averages.
Numerous choices for supplies. This challenge could be 100% wonderful with plywood and pine however as a result of I simply acquired a killer deal on 500 board toes of 8/4 ash I made a decision to go together with it. This checks loads of packing containers for me. First, it lets me understand how secure the batch of ash will probably be. It’s going to present some working expertise with ash as I’ve by no means actually used it for a full challenge. And the icing on the cake will probably be a stable, built-to-last set made out of a gorgeous species. Stick round till the tip to see how beautiful this wooden ended up being. I had no thought after I first reduce into it.
All the 500 board foot bundle I acquired is tough sawn at 8/4 thickness. Solely the desk legs will probably be larger than 4/4 so which means every thing else wanted to be resawn to tough 4/4 thickness earlier than even beginning.
After getting every thing to tough 4/4 thickness, size, and width I laid every thing out to take a seat and local weather over the weekend. It will give extra alternative for inner stresses to be launched earlier than milling to remaining thickness.
On the next Monday I kicked off the week by operating by means of the ultimate milling course of. Beginning with the desk high and chair seats. First jointing one broad face on the jointer.
Adopted by getting the other broad face flat and parallel with the planer…
And at last again on the jointer to get one excellent slim face. It’s greatest to travel like this as a result of after getting each broad faces planed it’ll can help you use both broad face in opposition to the jointer fence to make sure you are jointing within the downhill path.
The jointed slim face goes in opposition to the desk noticed fence and the entire panel items are ripped to their remaining width. Nicely, a smidgen greater than their remaining width. I left a bit of extra room within the width path to do one remaining reducing to dimension after the panel is glued up. This can even enable me to take away any clamp marks which may come into play throughout glue up.
To assist maintain the panel joints flat throughout glue up I’m utilizing biscuits. For years I skipped this step and simply tried to maintain issues in line the most effective I may throughout glue up. The additional step so as to add biscuits actually is price it. Such a fast step to maintain issues in line.
Nonetheless, the seat panels had been sufficiently small that I did skip the biscuits..
Right here’s a fast tip. My challenge design course of at all times begins in SketchUp. It’s a free program that enables me to work out any design kinks earlier than reducing the primary piece of wooden. I additionally use it to create a structure diagram for higher materials effectivity. In fact, all of that’s topic to vary when the pencil hits the wooden as I typically don’t plan for knots in SketchUp. However one profit of getting a printed structure to take with you into the store is which you could maintain all your items laid out on a desk similar to the structure on the paper. It will can help you maintain observe of your components higher and never fear about labeling them. You’ll know what components are what primarily based upon the place they’re within the structure and the place they’re on the desk. Generally it’s a very good apply to label the components. Different occasions the label will simply get planed off.
The ultimate milling stage is repeated for the entire chair and desk body components.
Now the joinery can start. There’s a ton of completely acceptable choices for this sort of a challenge. It’s actually as much as you and the way a lot effort you wish to put into it. Pine and plywood is ok. So is pocket holes and screws. I initially deliberate on utilizing mortise and tenon joints with integral tenons however I ended up going with the Domino just because I haven’t used it shortly. For the mortises on the tip grain it was simpler to deliver the fabric to the device with the assistance of a Domino Dock. It’s a fantastic jig created by @ramonartful on Instagram. If you have a Domino I highly recommend picking one up. I’ve no affiliation with him. I’m only a completely happy buyer 🙂
For the face grain mortises it’s simpler to deliver the device to the fabric. Typical domino trend right here.
Only a few mortises when it’s all mentioned and accomplished. I actually like this joinery methodology although. It’s quick and straightforward to knock out the entire joinery for the remainder of the construct.
With the entire mortises reduce a dry meeting can happen. I reduce the entire finish grain mortises on the exact setting so the tenons are a pleasant tight match. All the face grain mortises had been reduce with a bit of wiggle room that may be utilized to verify the entire reference ends and components are lining up completely.
After a profitable dry meeting the entire element work can start. First nearly all of items are rounded over on the router desk. I used a 3/16” roundover on the entire edges for this challenge. If you need a terrific deal on router bits then try bitsbits.com and use the code JAYBATES15 for 15% off your buy. I’ve been performing some work for Bits & Bits for some time now and extremely advocate their Astra coated bits.
Subsequent up is a slight curve on the highest of each chair backs. Simply discover one thing that has an identical radius and hint it on. It’s as much as you, actually. I discovered the within deal with arc on my Greene & Greene device tote template to be excellent for this.
Nearly all of the waste is eliminated on the bandsaw…
After which the radius is finessed all the way down to the road on the belt sander. Every so often I search for enhancements within the store and areas the place loads of time might be saved. One of many largest time-suck areas for me has at all times been sanding and shaping so after I moved into this new area final summer season I deliberate on getting a big belt sander. Holy cow I’m glad I did. This machine saved a lot time on this challenge alone. I can see this getting a LOT of use over the subsequent decade. It’s the Hammer H950 for many who are questioning. That is only a transient introduction right here. I’ll save my ideas and suggestions for a correct device speak video in 6 months to a yr after I get extra expertise with it.
Time to speak about the table top hold down clips. These are a relatively simple piece of hardware but a very important one. I attempt to cowl this subject each time it comes up as a result of not permitting for correct enlargement and contraction of a desk high is one mistake lots of people beginning out in woodworking are inclined to make. Stable wooden panels NEED to develop and contract. In the event you don’t enable room for contraction then the panel will crack. In the event you don’t enable room for enlargement then the panel will develop and break one thing else. Desk high maintain down clips are a Z formed piece of metallic with a gap drilled on one facet and a tab on the opposite. The tab goes right into a slot or groove reduce on the within face of the apron rail and a screw is used by means of the outlet to safe it to the underside facet of the desk high, or on this case the chair seats as effectively. The groove is sized and positioned in order that the tab stays parallel with the desk high permitting the clip to slip across the groove as needed attributable to seasonal enlargement and contraction of the wooden panel.
Prior to now I’ve used the biscuit joiner to chop slots in varied places for the clips. If the fabric dimension permits it’s a lot simpler to run a single noticed kerf into the entire rail items on the desk noticed earlier than meeting. The depth of reduce isn’t too essential, nonetheless, I wouldn’t go previous ½ the thickness.
With the clip dado’s reduce meeting can lastly start. This course of is comparatively fast. I’m utilizing a quick setting MPA II glue because it permits me to mainly rotate the entire assemblies by means of a single set of clamps. By the point the second meeting wants the clamps the primary might be eliminated. This makes for a reasonably quick glue up stage however I wouldn’t advocate it for all conditions. MPA II dries so quick and typically that may be an issue.
Now I can swap focus again to the stable panels. First the chair seat surfaces are scraped easy with the best card scraper ever made.
Adopted by reducing to their remaining dimension.
The chair seats want to take a seat into the again legs barely. Marking these cuts is fairly simple. A sq. transfers the between-the-legs dimensions..
And setting the toes on high of the primary marks permits the second reduce to be marked within the entrance to again path.
With a cease setup on the bandsaw fence the notches are made shortly and simply.
The chairs I referenced after I initially scouted for dimensions had a good overhang on the entrance and either side. It appeared a bit of too cumbersome for my eyes so I traced a really slight entrance to again taper after which additionally traced a small radius on the entrance two corners. No sharp corners protruding for youngsters’s furnishings.
The taper is shortly sanded in place and the corners rounded over.
Subsequent the seat will get the identical 3/16” roundover. Additionally, the remainder of the chair that didn’t get rounded over earlier than meeting.
The desk high panel lastly sees some motion. The biscuits did a terrific job conserving every thing flat throughout glue up so a light-weight sanding on the drum sander is all that’s wanted to flush up the highest. Only a few passes and It’s prepared for a remaining sanding with the random orbital sander.
The ultimate width is established on the desk noticed.
Then the primary crosscut is made with a round noticed and a straight edge. Discover the auxiliary mud assortment. I threw this collectively after getting the belt sander and have discovered so many makes use of for it since.
Last size can also be established on the desk noticed. Somewhat backwards and forwards right here nevertheless it labored out nice.
Again to the sander for the rounded corners and a bit of sanding work on the slim faces.
And at last the final shaping is finished on the router desk. The three/16” roundover appears to be like nice on 3/4” thick inventory.
Sanding, sanding, sanding. Oh how I hate sanding. Considered one of today I’ll get a extra environment friendly RO sander setup. In the interim O’le trusty DeWalt will get the job accomplished.
I maintain Seal Coat Shellac in my HPLV spray gun always. It’s simply so handy to have the ability to hit something with a coat of shellac at any second. On this case I hit all the challenge with two coats comparatively shortly.
The primary remaining meeting might be accomplished by attaching the seats to the chair frames and the desk high to the desk body.
And with that, this challenge is finished! Nicely, kinda. My preliminary plan was to topcoat the shellac with Arm-R-Seal however I didn’t have sufficient available and I acquired a bit of impatient. As an alternative I picked up a can of thick one-coat water primarily based polyurethane. I’ve by no means used it earlier than nevertheless it appeared like a thicker Polycrylic from Minwax. Time will inform the way it holds up.
So what do you consider the ultimate product? I feel it appears to be like nice! All the determine within the wooden was a contented accident. I may see some small traces of curl in it’s tough state however I had no thought it was going to be this stunning.